The vast majority of the extraction of this precious metal - up to 99% - is carried out in nine countries, being the five main diamond nations of the world Russia, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo (RDC), Australia and Canada.Only these five contribute to more than 60% of world diamond production.
Alrosa, leader of the diamond mining industry in the world, is responsible for almost all diamond production in Russia.
Although all large mining companies have operations in the main diamond -producing countries, RDC and Zimbabwe are the two exceptions, where diamond deposits are exploited by explorers and small businesses.
In this case, the NS Energy website presents a profile of the five main diamond extraction companies in the world.
The five main diamond companies in the world
1.ALLOSA - 38.5 million carats
Alrosa, which operates mainly in the Yakutia region in Siberia, represents 94% of the total production of Russia diamonds and two5% of diamonds in circulation in the world.
Out of Russia, the miner only has an operation - a 3two% participation in the Angola Catoca mine.The company has nine large diamond fields and 10 diamond mines.
The main reason why alrosa is in the first place among the largest diamond extraction companies in the world today is due to a single diamond field called Verkhne-Munskoye, which is the exclusive owner.Discovered by Alrosa in two007, it is estimated that Verkhne-Munskoye contains raw diamonds worth about 4.000 million dollars.
From January to November two0two0, total raw diamond sales and alrosa polished amounted to two.two8 million dollars, well below 3.34 million dollars collected in two019.Its total diamond production in two019 amounted to 38.5 million carats.
The Alrosa (YAPTA).
Alrosa has two other branches in Moscow that distribute diamonds - Brilliantly Alrosa and United Selling Organization (Use).Although it works as Yapta, the use sells raw diamonds valued to other regions of Russia and abroad.
Brilliantly Alrosa is the biggest diamond manufacturer in Russia. Se dedica a cortar y pulir diamantes en bruto, antes de vender los diamantes pulidos a los principales minoristas de joyería y engastadores de todo el mundo, como Tiffany & Co., Chai Tai Fook and Rosy Blue.
two.Beers - 30.78 million carats
De Beers has been in the diamond business since 1888, when he was founded by British politician and businessman Cecil Rhodes in South Africa.
De Beers tiene ahora su sede en Londres y ha sido controlado mayoritariamente (85%) por la multinacional minera AngloAmerican desde two01two, después de que comprara el 40% de la participación de Oppenheimer en De Beers.
Although it has been labeled by critics as a diamond cartel established to monopolize the industry, it seems to have eliminated any truth to such statements in recent years.
La producción de diamantes de De Beers en two019 fue reportada en 30.78 million carats con sus ingresos de two019 reportados en alrededor de 4.6 million dollars.
Despite facing decades of criticism in relation to the "conflict diamonds", Beers remains one of the world's leading diamond companies in the world, with operations in South Africa, Botswana, Namibia and Canada.
Beers is not only dedicated to the extraction and manufacture of diamonds, but also sells and distributes raw diamonds through the Diamond Trading Company (DTC).
DTC, which is the largest diamond provider in the world in terms of value, classifies, evaluates and classifies the raw diamonds extracted from their mines, which are then sold to "sightholders" or diamond merchants in Kimberley (South Africa) and London (England), simultaneously 10 times a year.
By Beers Diamond Jewellers Ltd., the company's sales branch, a company joint with the Louis Vuitton Moët Hennessy - which has more than 50 stores around the world - sells jewelry of grooved and polished diamonds.
3. Debswana Diamond - two3.3 million carats
Botswana headquarters, Debswana Diamond Company Ltd.It is a 50:50 joint business between Beers and the Botswana government.
Private mining operations are not allowed in the country, and all its diamond extraction activities are controlled by Debswana.The company operates four diamond mines called Oapa, Jwaneng, Letlhakane and Damtshaa.
Unlike other mining companies, which have been touched by the controversy of "blood diamonds", Debswana has contributed significantly to the growth of the Botswana economy, since it represents 50% of the country's income and 70% of its exports.
Having previously been recognized as one of the poorest nations in the world, the country can thank Debswana for being one of the main reasons for that growth.
En two018, las cuatro minas de diamantes de Debswana produjeron two4,1 millones de quilates, antes de que esa cifra se redujera a two3,3 million carats en two019.
Diamond mines in Oapa and Jwaneng have their own classification facilities within the mine facilities.The classification of raw diamonds is done with X -ray and laser technology to raise mines processing capacity.The same method has also been introduced into other mines.
De Beers' influence on the diamond market is a great point in favor of Debswana, since most of its classified, categorized and valued diamonds are sold through the de Diamond Company of Beer.
4.Rio Tinto Diamonds - 17.03 million carats
Part of the Anglo-Australian mining multinational Rio Tinto Group and owner of three diamond mines, Rio Tinto Diamonds has more than 4.000 million dollars de ingresos y tiene operaciones en los cinco continentes.
En two019, la producción de diamantes de la empresa se estimó en más de 17 million carats, y sus ingresos en ese año fueron de 619 millones de dólares.
En noviembre de two0two0, Rio Tinto anunció que cerraba su icónica mina de Argyle en Australia Occidental, famosa por sus diamantes rosados.
The Diavik mine, in Canada, which is the exclusive property of Dominion Diamond Corporation, receives help from Rio Tinto during its mining operations.Although the site produces higher quality diamonds, it has smaller mineral deposits compared to its other facilities.
Rio Tinto posee una participación del 78% en la mina de diamantes Murowa, en Zimbabwe, donde la producción se realiza en menor escala, con una producción anual media de unos two00.000 carats.
The company, based in London, has a marketing headquarters for its diamond operations in Antwerp (Belgium), where its classification facilities are also found.
This is where raw diamonds categorize, categorize and value.The final products are sent to diamond markets in the USA.UU., Hong Kong and India.
5.Dominion Diamond - 6.7 million carats
Establecida como Aber Diamond Corporation en 1994, que más tarde se convirtió en Harry Winston Diamond Corporation en two006, Dominion Diamond Corporation tiene su sede en Toronto y todas sus operaciones en el Canadá.
Dominion mainly extracts diavik diamonds - the largest mine in Canada - and from the Ekati diamond mines, and both facilities are located near Lake Lake.
Fundada específicamente para extraer la piedra de presión de Diavik en 1994, Dominion declaró unos ingresos brutos de 151,3 millones de dólares en two019, y se estima que la producción de diamantes de Diavik es de 6,7 million carats.The Ekati mine was closed due to the Covid-19 Pandemia, which means that its production has not yet been estimated.
Diavik's raw diamonds are classified in their Toronto facilities and subsequently sent to their sales offices of Antwerp (Belgium) and Mumbai (India) (India). Dominion vende sus diamantes directamente a minoristas y fabricantes como Tiffany & Co.
Dominion meticulously practical sustainable mining to minimize the negative effects of diamond extraction on the environment and also uses its Canadamark ™ website, which guarantees the Canadian origin of diamonds.
News taken from: NS Media Group Limited / English free translation by World Energy Trade
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