María Antonia Pastor Nieto, of the University Hospital of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, and María Elena Gatica Ortega, of the Toledo University Hospital Complex, have reviewed the most frequent reactions in cosmetic procedures of the hands and eyelashes, respectively, in the annual meeting of theSpanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV), in Bilbao.
Pastor has nuanced at the beginning of his speech at the scientific encounter that the techniques used in the color of the nail with enamel are "very heterogeneous" and cannot be pigeonholed as problematic practices, but he has spoken of an "authentic sensitization epidemic"to acrylates used in permanent or semi -permanent manicures.
A factor to take into account - the expert is warned - is that it is increasing.The risk of reaction is not limited to permanent and semi -permanent techniques, but reaction cases with classic enamels "with gel effect" have also been documented, added.
Among the new skin alterations observed due to these products, Pastor has highlighted a nail dystrophy (alteration of the structure of the nail), which does not affect the surrounding skin, but may include "hemorrhages in splinter".Dermatologists have also seen that preventing the patient from being in contact with these products can make them improve, but there are also case reports in which it has not been enough to recover normality in that part of the skin.
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In any case, he has recommended to his colleagues dermatologists to ask patients with alterations of this type about their cosmetic habits, since the composition of products that come into contact with the skin can be key when finding the cause ofthe problems and solve the situation.Briefly, it has referred to the products that are marketed as "cuticle protectors", which in theory do not touch the nails, but protect the skin from the environment when enamels are applied.Some of them contain an ingredient that has been associated with importance allergic reactions, such as 2-Hydroxyethyl Methacrylate (Hema).
It is estimated that 4% of the population can develop allergy to this element.In the European Union, where the regulations for its employment have been updated, the framework for its control is inappropriate, in the opinion of this expert: «It is required to limit its use to entitled professionals, but the truth is that we all know how easy it isObtain cosmetic products with the 'professional use' label for consumers in general.In fact, it is a claim ».As for doubts about whether the use of lamps in the manicure technique, it has been blunt: "There are no data on their relationship with cancer, therefore, we cannot say that they are safe".
María Elena Gatica Ortega has reviewed in her speech.In these cases, the reactions occur in the delicate area of the eye, which makes them particularly worrying.For this expert, it is important that training initiatives among cosmetics professionals who use the necessary products in these procedures be launched.
One of the observations recorded in a survey carried out by his team showed that "many of them completely ignored the presence of hazardous components in the products they use".On the eyelashes that support magnetic elements, he has warned of the “enormous” risk that they can suppose if the person undergoes magnetic resonance, both for the patient and the medical team that attends in the procedure.