The world ‘offshore’ by Mossack Fonseca, under the magnifying glass

The world ‘offshore’ by Mossack Fonseca, under the magnifying glass

Russian President Vladimir Putin would have secretly handled almost $ 2 billion in banks and ghost companies through offshore jurisdictions.The case of the ruler is one of the world's leaders and former leaders who would have operated in this way, according to information obtained by the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung and shared with the International Consortium of Research Journalists (ICIJ)).

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Malpractices in the offshore industry are exposed

Documents would include details of financial transactions, until now unknown, of 128 politicians and officials around the world.They would also reveal how many of the legal signatures and large banks sell the financial secret to politicians, frauds and drug traffickers, as well as millionaires, celebrities, included, sports stars.

The prime ministers of Iceland and Paquistan, the King of Saudi Arabia and the children of the president of Azerbaijan are other figures in the world that would have allegedly controlled offshore societies, according to these documents.They would also include at least 33 people and companies that are on the blacklist of the United States government for allegedly carrying out business with Mexican drug traffickers, with terrorist organizations, such as Hezbollah or nations with blockages, such as North Korea and Iran.Even the US government would have already warned that one of the societies that appears in the documents obtained by the newspaper could have supplied fuel to a plane that Syria used to bomb and kill thousands of its citizens.

"These findings show how deeply rooted are the harmful practices and crime in the offshore world," said Gabriel Zucman, economist from the University of California in Berkeley and author of the book The hidden wealth of nations: Flagelo de los Paraías.

Zucman, who was informed of this investigation, added that publications must promote governments to seek "concrete sanctions" against jurisdictions that fell the offshore secret.

Los documentos incluirían detalles de las transacciones financieras, hasta ahora desconocidas, de más de mil 280 políticos y funcionarios alrededor del mundo, que presuntamente se aprovechan de los vehículos offshore para cometer actos de corrupción o para ocultarlos.

In the documents shared by the German newspaper with the ICIJ, world leaders are also mentioned who allegedly take advantage of offshore vehicles to commit acts of corruption or to hide them.They appear - says the journalistic consortium - companies that would be linked to the family of the main leader of China, Xi Jingpin, who before assuming as president of his country, swore to fight “against the armies of corruption”;Like the president of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, who has identified himself as the reformer of a country, stirred by corruption scandals.They would also include new details of offshore transactions of David Cameron's family, Great Britain's Prime Minister.

Most of the services offered by the offshore industry are legal.However, the documents to which the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung had access would have exposed banks, law firms and other actors in this world that would frequently have stopped meeting the legal requirements created to confirm that its clients are notinvolved in criminal companies, tax evasion or political corruption.

The documents even reveal that certain intermediaries would have hidden suspicious transactions and manipulated official records to protect themselves and their clients.

According to the information, several of the most important banks worldwide, such as UBS and HSBC, would be the real timehorse behind the creation of difficult companies in the British Virgin Islands, Panama, Seychelles, Anguilla and Bahamas, betweenOther jurisdictions.The files would contain more than 15,600 paper companies, established by banks and other entities for those clients who wanted to keep their finances secret.

Putin, for example, would have used these banking facilities to move money through transactions of up to $ 200 million to people from its near circle.Its partners, according to the ICIJ investigation, disguised payments, changed documents dates and gained anonymous influence, within the media and large automotive industries in Russia.

At a press conference, a Kremlin spokesman preferred not to answer the questions about these actions.Instead, he accused the ICIJ of preparing an “informative attack” against Putin and people close to him.

The information contains data on 214 thousand 488 offshore entities linked to people in more than 200 countries.As well as the 21 financial jurisdictions where Mossack Fonseca has a presence.

The documents obtained by the German newspaper and shared with ICIJ.

The information contains data on 214 thousand 488 offshore entities linked to people in more than 200 countries.As well as the 21 financial jurisdictions where Mossack Fonseca has a presence.

The archives would relate to the Panamanian firm with companies or people linked to the trade in diamonds in Africa and the clandestine market of international art, among others.

Another of the prominent clients of the firm is the prime minister of Iceland, Sigmundur David Gunnlaugsson who, together with his wife, would have acquired an offshore company that was presumed to retain millions of dollars in bonds of the Islandic Bank during the financial crisis of his country.

A convicted money washing machine is also mentioned, who would have confessed to having made illegal contributions for $ 50,000 to pay thieves in the Watergate case.

Mossack Fonseca's client portfolio would also include some of the most important gold robbery in England and several of the actors in the FIFA scandal.

The documents in possession of the ICIJ would reveal that the Uruguay.These last two, father and son, were accused of paying bribes in exchange for television rights of football matches in Latin America.

The information of the journalistic consortium would show that Damiani's firm in Uruguay represented an offshore society linked to the Jinkis and seven societies in Figueredo.In response to ICIJ's inquiries, the FIFA Ethics Commission has begun an investigation into the relationship between Damiani and Figueredo.

But these would not be the only people linked to football who would be customers from Mossack Fonseca.The best player in the world, Lionel Messi, and his father, would be the owners of a society in Panama, Mega Star Enterprises.In Spain, Messi has been formally accused of evading taxes through precisely offshore companies.

In addition, the files in the hands of the ICIJ would show how the headquarters of their representation in Nevada tried to cover itself and its customers of the ruling for the legal action of a district court in the United States, by removing the paper records from its officeIn Las Vegas and delete electronic records from their phones and computers.

The same documents would show that the firm would have regularly offered the documents retroactively - so they charged around $ 9 - in order to help their clients to take advantages in their financial affairs.

"His allegations that we provide the shareholders with supposedly designed structures to hide the identity of the true owners are totally unjustified and false," the firm replied before the consultation elevated by the ICIJ.

Según Mossack Fonseca, cambiar las fechas de los documentos 'es una práctica bien establecida y aceptada', la cual es 'común en nuestra industria y su objetivo no es el de cubrir o esconder actos ilegales'.

The buffet added that changing the dates of the documents "is a well -established and accepted practice", which is "common in our industry and its objective is not to cover or hide illegal acts".

Mossack Fonseca claimed not being able to answer the questions related to specific customers due to his obligation to maintain customer confidentiality.

Ramón Fonseca Mora, co -founder of the firm, said in a recent interview on Panamanian television that they have no responsibilities on what their clients do with the offshore companies they sell.Compared the firm with a “car factory”, whose responsibility ends once the car is produced.According to him, to blame Mossack Fonseca for what people with their companies do would be like blaming the car factory "when the car is used to steal".

Under scrutiny

Mossack Fonseca's operations have almost always been anonymous for people outside the offshore world.However, in recent months they have been under increasing scrutiny, because some governments obtained partial leaks from the firm's archives, so authorities in Germany and Brazil, for example, have begun to investigate their practices.

Precisely, in February 2015, the newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung reported that in Germany they had made raids that had as white one of the largest banks in the country, Commerzbank.The newspaper would also have reported the opening of a tax fraud investigation in which the Panamanian firm would be involved.

In Brazil, Mossack Fonseca has been several times mentioned in the investigation for alleged bribes and money laundering in the Lava Jato operation, in which criminal charges have been formulated to political leaders, including popular investigation to former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.

Brazilian prosecutors came to qualify the Panamanian firm as "great money washing machines" and announced at that time that they would formulate criminal charges against five employees of the Brazilian representation of the firm.Mossack Fonseca, meanwhile, denies any irregularity in Brazil, as well as the formulation of charges to the employees of their franchise in Brazil.

‘The crime of the century’

Before dawn on November 26, 1983, six thieves entered the Brink’s-Mat winery at the Heathrow airport in London.They tied the security guards, sprayed them with gasoline, lit a phosphorus and threatened to burn them, unless they opened the vault.Inside there were around 7 thousand gold, diamond and cash bars."Thank you very much for your help.Have a merry Christmas, ”said one of the thieves when he left.British media called this "the crime of the century".

Most of the loot was never recovered, including what was generated by melting and selling gold.According to the documents that the German newspaper shared with the ICIJ, the other founding member of Mossack Fonseca, Jürgen Mossack, could have helped keep the money out of the reach of the authorities.

The records show that 16 months after the robbery, the firm established in Panama a company called Feberion Inc., for one Gordon Parry, a bad-reputation merchant in England who allegedly washed money for Brink’s -mat criminals.

According to the documents, Mossack himself would have appeared in society as one of the nominative directors, a term used in the offshore world to refer to those who manage the company on paper, but who has no real authority over its activities.

ICIJ's information shows that in 1986 Mossack would have assured knowledge that the company was apparently involved in the management of money from the robbery of the Brink’s-Mat."The company itself has not been illegally used, but it could be that the company had invested money through bank accounts and illegally obtained properties," the lawyer would have warned, according to the documents delivered to the ICIJ.

The records show that, instead of helping the authorities to have access to the assets of Feberion, the firm took measures that would have hindered police investigation into the case.According to ICIJ files, the buffet would have issued 98 new actions after the authorities had obtained 2 original actions.

In 1995, three years after Parry was sentenced to a decade in prison for his role in theft of gold, Mossack Fonseca would have ended his commercial relationship with Feberion.

A firm spokesman said that any accusation that the firm helped these criminals is "completely false".He added that Jürgen Mossack had no relationship with Parry and that the police have never contacted them on the issue.

Precisely, the offshore system depends on the expansion of the banker industry, lawyers, counters and other intermediaries, which must protect the identities of their customers.Many times that protection helps disguise dirty money through the creation of corporations, trusts and other entities.

The measures taken by Mossack Fonseca in the Faberion case would have included use the services of the firm based in Panama, through the Sociedad Chartered Management Company, directed by Gilbert Straub, so that they would provide the new directors of the company after the resignation after the resignationof Mossack.

According to Robert Mazur, an former narcotics agent from the United States, Straub was captured in the United States much later, in a raid for the Drug Control Administration (DEA, for its acronym in English).That was when he confessed his guilt in money laundering.He also revealed how he channeled illegal funds for the re -election campaign of President Richard Nixon, in 1972.

In his response to ICIJ, Mossack Fonseca said they continued “both the letter and the spirit of the law.For this reason, in almost 40 years of operation we have not been charged with criminal acts ”.

The Mossack Fonseca firm -from its foundation by Jürgen Mossack, a lawyer of German ancestry, and Ramón Fonseca Mora, novelist and former presidential advisor in two governments and currentMany other territories.

According to the records that the ICIJ manages, the firm has worked with large banks and law firm in the Netherlands, Mexico, the United States and Switzerland, whose purpose would be to help its clients move money or reduce their fiscal invoices.

According to an analysis of the journalistic research consortium, more than 500 banks - and their subsidiaries - have worked with Mossack Fonseca in the creation and administration of offshore companies.

Mossack Fonseca states that their intermediaries are its true clients and not the end customers, which are what these offshore entities really use.In addition, the firm has indicated that these intermediaries are additional surveillance layers for the review (Due Diligence) of new clients.As for their procedures, Mossack Fonseca has said that they often exceed “the existing norms and standards to which we and others are obliged” to comply.

Secrets and victims

Nick Kgopa's father died when Nick was 14 years old.His father's companions at the Gold Mine.

Nick, his mother and younger brother, who is deaf, survived thanks to monthly checks from a widows and orphans fund of miners.

But one day, the payments stopped arriving.

Nick's family was one of the many who lost their pension due to a fraud of investment funds, for $ 60 million, which would have perpetrated South African businessmen.According to the judicial investigations of that time, a company management company, Fidentia, was responsible for the looting of the millions of the investment fund, which included the death benefits of the miners and that protected more than 46 thousand widowsand orphans.

The authorities managed to arrest Graham Maddock for their participation in fraud, through Fidentia society.According to the documents to which the ICIJ had access, Maddock would have paid Mossack Fonseca $ 59 thousand between 2005 and 2006 to establish offshore societies, including a call Fidentia North America.The Panamanian firm gave him a “VIP service”, according to the documents delivered to the ICIJ.

The files obtained by the newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung would show that Mossack Fonseca would have created offshore structures for Steve Goodwin, indicated by the South African authorities as one of the main actors in the Fidentia case.Goodwin would even have met with lawyers from the Panamanian firm in a luxury hotel in New York.According to the files, both spoke "deeply" about the Fidentia scandal, and the firm's lawyer would have said that he "convinced" Goodwin to better protect their goods through offshore companies.

The lawyer warned that Goodwin was not involved in the scandal "in any way", and that he was just "a victim of circumstances".Goodwin still turns a 10 -year sentence in South Africa, after declaring fraud and money laundering, when it was arrested in 2008, in Los Angeles.

Goodwin's arrest would have generated reactions within the firm, according to the ICIJ.One of the lawyers would have proposed to have a “prepared” accountant to “prevent prosecutors from taking actions against societies behind Hamlyn Property LLP”, which belonged to Goodwin.

This is one of the many scandals in which the firm has been involved, to which another one must add, in Indonesia, where small investors denounced that a company registered by Mossack Fonseca in British Virgin Islands was used to steal about $ 150 millionmore than 3 thousand people.

One of those investors, even, would have come to communicate with the firm in 2007."We really need our money to pay the tuition for the education of our children this April," he said.He knew about the existence of the firm after seeing his name in the brochure that announced him as a fund investor.

Mossack Fonseca did not answer the questions asked the ICIJ related to his link to Goodwin.

Politically exposed

On February 10, 2011, a corporation in British Virgin Islands, called Continental LTD Sandalwood., he lent $ 200 million to a similar entity called Horwich Trading Ltd., domiciled in Cyprus.

The next day, Sandalwood assigned the rights to receive payments on the loan, including interests, A OVE Financial Corp., a British Virgin Society.According to the documents in the hand of the ICIJ, OVE would have paid $ 1 for those rights.

The same day, OVE reassigned their rights to collect the loan to a Panamanian company called International Media Overseas.This also paid $ 1 for those rights.In 24 hours, the loan would have been transferred to three countries, two banks and four companies, a process that usually makes it difficult to track goods.

The loan footprint revolved around people linked to the president of Russia, Vladimir Putin.

The Rossiya Bank, based in St. Petersburg, an institution whose majority of owners and presidents have been called the Putin's "ATMs", was the one that Sandalwood continental created.

International Media Overseas, in which the interest payments of the $ 200 million would have allegedly finished, would be controlled by Sergey Roldugin, a classic violinist and godfather of Putin's eldest daughter.

The loan for $ 200 million was one of the dozen transactions linked to funds that totaled at least $ 2 billion, whose trace would rest in the files that Süddeutsche Zeitung obtained on the firm Mossack Fonseca, and that would involve people and companies linked toPutin.

Through them, Bank Rossiya would have obtained most of the actions of the largest truck manufacturer in Russia and would also have ventured into the media business.

Payments made by people close to Putin could even be considered as part of payments in exchange for contracts with the Russian State.The documents suggest that the majority of the loan money for $ 4,200 million came from a bank in Cyprus, whose main shareholder at that time was Banco VTB, controlled by the state of Russia.

At a press conference last week, Putin spokesman Dimitry Peskov said that the government would not answer the ICIJ questions because they were questions that had been asked "hundreds of times and answered hundreds of times".Peskov added that Russia is "provided with the legal arsenal necessary nationally and internationally to protect the honor and dignity of our president".

In theory, national laws and international agreements should regulate that firms such as Mossack Fonseca are pending that their clients may be involved in money laundering, tax evasion or any other illicit act.These regulations require special attention to politically exposed people (PEP), which includes officials and their families.When someone turns out to be a PEP, it is expected that the intermediary who creates their companies carefully review their activities to ensure that they are not involved in corruption acts.

Mossack Fonseca told the ICIJ that they have the "policies and procedures duly established to identify and manage those cases in which individuals turn out to be qualified as PEP or are related to these".

However, the information handled by the ICIJ shows that the Panamanian firm may not be so rigorous in this subject.An internal audit carried out in 2015 would have determined that Mossack Fonseca had knowledge about the identities of the true owners of only 204 of the 14,86 companies that had incorporated in Seychelles, island located in the Indian Ocean.

An analysis of the ICIJ about the documentation that it has about the firm concludes that it has 58 relatives and associates of prime ministers and kings within its client portfolio.

In the British Virgin Islands, Mossack Fonseca would also have had difficulties.The authorities of the Caribbean island would have fallen to the firm with $ 37,500 for allegedly violating the anti -salavado money standards, since they would have incorporated a company for the son of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, after both were accused of corruption in their country."Our formula for risk assessment is seriously defective," the internal review would have concluded.

An analysis of the ICIJ about the documentation that it has about the firm concludes that it has 58 relatives and associates of prime ministers and kings within its client portfolio.

The records show, for example, that relatives of the president of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev, would have used foundations and companies in Panama to maintain secret investments in gold and real estate mines in London in London.

The children of the Pakistani Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif, would also be real estate owners in London, through entities created by Mossack Fonseca.

Family members of at least eight current or previous members of the Politburo Standing Committee of China, the main normative authority of the country, would have offshore companies created by Mossack Fonseca.Within this list is the brother -in -law of President XI, who would have established two companies in the British Virgin Islands in 2009.

The representatives of the Azeri, Pakistani and Chinese did not answer the questions sent by the ICIJ.

The current president of Argentina, Mauricio Macri, is also included in the list of world leaders who would have used Mossack Fonseca to establish offshore entities.Macri, according to the ICIJ documents, would have been the director and vice president of a company in Bahamas, managed by Mossack Fonseca during his time as mayor of the Argentine capital.An president's spokesman said that the ruler was never personally owner of shares in this company, which was part of his family's companies.

In 2014, in full Russian invasion of the Ukrainian region of Dombás, the president of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, managed to gather the necessary documents to create a company in the British Virgin Islands, according to the information handled by the ICIJ.

Poroshenko spokesman said that the creation of the company had nothing to do with "no political or military event in Ukraine".Poroshenko's financial counselors, on the other hand, said that the president had not included BVI's signature in his 2014 financial declaration because none of these companies or the two he owns in Cyprus and the Netherlands had any good good.They added that the companies were part of the corporate restructuring to help sell the confectionery company owned by Poroshenko.

The current Prime Minister of Iceland, Sigmundur David Gunlaugsson, also appears in the ICIJ data.Upon entering the Parliament of his country, in 2009, he and his wife would have shared the property of an offshore company in British Virgin Islands.Months later, he would have sold his shares to his wife for $ 1.

The company had under its power a series of bonds that originally worth millions of dollars in three huge beach banks that broke during the 2008 world financial crisis, so the Icelandic politician was the creditor of their bankruptcies.During the last year of his government, Gunnlaugsson announced an agreement with the creditors.He did not announce, however, his family's financial participation in the treatment.

In recent days, Gunnlaugsson has denied that his family's financial interests would have influenced his position.Nor has it made clear if their political positions benefited or harmed the values of the bonds through the offshore company.

During an interview with Reykjavic Media, a partner of ICIJ, Gunnlaugsson denied hiding goods.When he was confronted by the offshore company linked to him -wintris inc.-, the prime minister said: "I am starting to feel a bit strange with these questions, since it seems as if you were accusing me of something".

El mundo ‘offshore’ de Mossack Fonseca, bajo la lupa

Shortly after, the president ended the interview.

On the days, his wife touched the matter in public in a note on Facebook, in which she assured that the company was her and not her husband, and that she had paid all the corresponding taxes.

Since then, members of the Islandia Parliament have questioned Gunnlaugsson about why he never revealed the existence of society.They have even asked to give up their position.

The prime minister has tried to defend himself with an eight -page statement, in which he affirms that he did not have the obligation to make his link to Wintris, since his wife was the one who really possessed society and that he had no commercial activity ”.

‘Offshore’ cover -ups

In 2005, a tourism ship called Ethan Allen sank into Lake George, in New York.20 older tourists were drowning.After the survivors and relatives of the dead filed a law.

Malchus Irvin Boncamper, an accountant on San Cristóbal and Nieve.

According to ICIJ's information, Boncamper was known by Mossack Fonseca, as he would have served him as a testaferro - or nominative director - in some 30 companies created by the firm.

Upon knowing Boncamper's conviction, the firm would have ordered to remove it as director of the societies in which it appeared and change the dates of its removal in order to seem that it had been made a decade before.

Los fiscales de la Operación Lava Jato en Brasil alegaron que empleados de Mossack Fonseca destruyeron y ocultaron documentos para tapar su participación en un caso investigado años atrás.

It would not be the first time that Mossack Fonseca is related to this type of practices.In the case of the Lava Jato operation, in Brazil, the prosecutors alleged that employees of the firm destroyed and hid documents in an earlier case to cover their participation in a case investigated years ago.A document obtained by the Police indicated that in that case an employee of the firm of the Brazil Office sent an email instructions to his work subordinates."Leave nothing.I will keep them in my car or in my house, ”he said.

ICIJ data, meanwhile, show that something very similar would have happened in Nevada, in 2014.According to these data, employees of Mossack Fonseca would have hidden the link between the signature of the firm in Las Vegas and its main offices in Panama to anticipate the order of a US Court requesting the delivery of information on 123 companies incorporated by Mossack Fonseca in that jurisdiction.

The companies in question would have been linked by Argentina's prosecutors to the corruption scandal on a person close to former presidents Nestor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.

In an effort to disconnect from the American jurisdiction Mossack Fonseca said that his headquarters in Las Vegas was not a branch of his office, but an independent office to which the franchise had been rented.

ICIJ documents, however, would show the opposite.These would indicate that they would have controlled the bank account of their headquarters in Las Vegas and that the firm's partners would be the owners of 100% of this office.The firm would then have managed several measures to eliminate documents from the branch and any trace that could link them.They would have stated that the branch manager could be very "nervous", and that for that reason the researchers could discover that "we are hiding something".

Mossack Fonseca declined to answer the questions related to the affairs of Nevada and Brazil, but in general they denied obstructing the investigations or covering improper activities.

"It is not our policy to hide or destroy documents that could be used in some pending investigation or process," they said.

Reform of the Secret World

In 2013, the British Prime Minister, David Cameron, urged the territories of his country abroad - including British virgin islands - join efforts and thus "put the house in order", and join the fight against tax evasion andThe offshore secret.

ICIJ documents show that politician's own family could have taken advantage of this system.

Ian Cameron, a multimillionaire stockbroker runner and the late father of the Prime Minister, was a customer of Mossack Fonseca, and would have used the firm to hide his investment fund, Blairmore Holdings Inc., and evade payment taxes in your country.

The name of the fund entity of the Blairmore house, where it lived and grew part of the Cameron family.Mossack Fonseca would have registered the entity in Panama, although most of its key investors were British.Ian Cameron would have controlled funds since the creation of society, in 1982, until he died.

The Panamanian firm would have used non -traceable property certificates, known as carrier shares, and employee nominatives domiciled in Bahamas to meet the objectives for which the entity was created.

The history of the background of Ian Cameron is one of the examples that illustrates how the secret offshore deeply penetrates the lives of politicians and financial elites around the world, which makes fiscal reforms difficult in these jurisdictions in these jurisdictions.

In the United States, for example, states such as Delaware and Nevada, who have allowed companies to be anonymous, continue to fight efforts to require greater corporate transparency.

In April 2013, after the ICIJ released the offshore Leaks information, based on confidential documents of British Virgins and Singapore, some customers from Mossack Fonseca would have communicated with the firm so that they were guaranteed that their assets were safeof public scrutiny.

Mossack Fonseca would have then told their clients that they shouldn't worry.They would have assured that their commitment to the privacy of their clients “has always been of the utmost importance, and that in this regard, confidential information is stored in an advanced data center, and that any information within our global network is handled throughof encrypted algorithms that meet the highest world standards ”.

Details of the stories published by the media group that participated in the investigation can be found in the Süddeutsche Zeitung, BBC, El Confidencial, The Guardian, the Nation of Argentina, Aristegui, IdL Reporters, Univisión, Le Monde, Process,Reform, among others.

This note was reported and written by Bastian Obermayer, Gerard Ryle, Marina Walker Guevara, Michael Hudson, Jake Bernstein, Will Fitzgibbon, Mar Cabra, Martha M m.Hamilton, Frederik Obermaier, Ryan Chittum, Emilia Díaz-Struck, Rigoberto Carvajal, Cécile Schilis-Gallego, Matthew Caruana-Galizia, Miguel Fiandor and Mago Torres.

// The prime ministers of Iceland and Paquistan, the King of Saudi Arabia and the children of the president of Azerbaijan are other figures in the world that would have allegedly controlled offshore societies, according to these documents.They would also include at least 33 people and companies that are on the blacklist of the United States government for allegedly carrying out business with Mexican drug traffickers, with terrorist organizations, such as Hezbollah or nations with blockages, such as North Korea and Iran.Even the US government would have already warned that one of the societies that appears in the documents obtained by the newspaper could have supplied fuel to a plane that Syria used to bomb and kill thousands of its citizens.

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"These findings show how deeply rooted are the harmful practices and crime in the offshore world," said Gabriel Zucman, economist from the University of California in Berkeley and author of the book The hidden wealth of nations: Flagelo de los Paraías.

"},{"_id":"72TS3D2RZ5EBFDVYR7ECJKQQ5A","type":"text","content":"

Zucman, who was informed of this investigation, added that publications must promote governments to seek "concrete sanctions" against jurisdictions that fell the offshore secret.

"},{"_id":"AIE6ZT6JSFBRZISHFPQFUAPMJA","type":"raw_html","content":"

Los documentos incluirían detalles de las transacciones financieras, hasta ahora desconocidas, de más de mil 280 políticos y funcionarios alrededor del mundo, que presuntamente se aprovechan de los vehículos offshore para cometer actos de corrupción o para ocultarlos.
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In the documents shared by the German newspaper with the ICIJ, world leaders are also mentioned who allegedly take advantage of offshore vehicles to commit acts of corruption or to hide them.They appear - says the journalistic consortium - companies that would be linked to the family of the main leader of China, Xi Jingpin, who before assuming as president of his country, swore to fight “against the armies of corruption”;Like the president of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, who has identified himself as the reformer of a country, stirred by corruption scandals.They would also include new details of offshore transactions of David Cameron's family, Great Britain's Prime Minister.

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Most of the services offered by the offshore industry are legal.However, the documents to which the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung had access would have exposed banks, law firms and other actors in this world that would frequently have stopped meeting the legal requirements created to confirm that its clients are notinvolved in criminal companies, tax evasion or political corruption.

"},{"_id":"PGQWGKSZI5FEJMQM7JXRREGMZE","type":"text","content":"The documents even reveal that certain intermediaries would have hidden suspicious transactions and manipulated official records to protect themselves and their clients."},{"_id":"ECXWB6EFIBHE5FGAJJ4ELJ64GA","type":"text","content":"

According to the information, several of the most important banks worldwide, such as UBS and HSBC, would be the real timehorse behind the creation of difficult companies in the British Virgin Islands, Panama, Seychelles, Anguilla and Bahamas, betweenOther jurisdictions.The files would contain more than 15,600 paper companies, established by banks and other entities for those clients who wanted to keep their finances secret.

"},{"_id":"UYEP3IQIEBBN3FTYNQVK6ZYTBY","type":"text","content":"Putin, for example, would have used these banking facilities to move money through transactions of up to $ 200 million to people from its near circle.Its partners, according to the ICIJ investigation, disguised payments, changed documents dates and gained anonymous influence, within the media and large automotive industries in Russia."},{"_id":"3ELYNX6MG5HKDI7V5XPIUQIZ44","type":"text","content":"

At a press conference, a Kremlin spokesman preferred not to answer the questions about these actions.Instead, he accused the ICIJ of preparing an “informative attack” against Putin and people close to him.

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The information contains data on 214 thousand 488 offshore entities linked to people in more than 200 countries.As well as the 21 financial jurisdictions where Mossack Fonseca has a presence.
"},{"_id":"DGVIUKPMSNCNVGVEM6FG7NOAKE","type":"text","content":"The documents obtained by the German newspaper and shared with ICIJ."},{"_id":"JYOIX4QUH5G33OVWQQGSY6ZX2E","type":"text","content":"

The information contains data on 214 thousand 488 offshore entities linked to people in more than 200 countries.As well as the 21 financial jurisdictions where Mossack Fonseca has a presence.

"},{"_id":"QY6EMV2TMNASZDJLIR4KEYVBCE","type":"text","content":"The archives would relate to the Panamanian firm with companies or people linked to the trade in diamonds in Africa and the clandestine market of international art, among others."},{"_id":"I4JNYNO4EVENNO2QLCI2HB25UY","type":"text","content":"

Another of the prominent clients of the firm is the prime minister of Iceland, Sigmundur David Gunnlaugsson who, together with his wife, would have acquired an offshore company that was presumed to retain millions of dollars in bonds of the Islandic Bank during the financial crisis of his country.

"},{"_id":"6KMQTR33DVBADBLYDQSEZPU73M","type":"text","content":"

A convicted money washing machine is also mentioned, who would have confessed to having made illegal contributions for $ 50,000 to pay thieves in the Watergate case.

"},{"_id":"7CO6PSPY45EO3MTD7GSPL4X2BA","type":"text","content":"Mossack Fonseca's client portfolio would also include some of the most important gold robbery in England and several of the actors in the FIFA scandal."},{"_id":"S4HR6DLFRFDMZCBMOVRY5QHSQQ","type":"text","content":"

The documents in possession of the ICIJ would reveal that the Uruguay.These last two, father and son, were accused of paying bribes in exchange for television rights of football matches in Latin America.

"},{"_id":"FWPKQGTVL5AA3PQAHJI42TFZOM","type":"text","content":"

The information of the journalistic consortium would show that Damiani's firm in Uruguay represented an offshore society linked to the Jinkis and seven societies in Figueredo.In response to ICIJ's inquiries, the FIFA Ethics Commission has begun an investigation into the relationship between Damiani and Figueredo.

"},{"_id":"4TO5VHKOCRHZVBFTJZSLTZ66CQ","type":"text","content":"

But these would not be the only people linked to football who would be customers from Mossack Fonseca.The best player in the world, Lionel Messi, and his father, would be the owners of a society in Panama, Mega Star Enterprises.In Spain, Messi has been formally accused of evading taxes through precisely offshore companies.

"},{"_id":"NIJNAFJ2GRGJHHW57DXD54FTEA","type":"text","content":"In addition, the files in the hands of the ICIJ would show how the headquarters of their representation in Nevada tried to cover itself and its customers of the ruling for the legal action of a district court in the United States, by removing the paper records from its officeIn Las Vegas and delete electronic records from their phones and computers."},{"_id":"WUUA56VAABERPAGJKSCKG7A2AA","type":"text","content":"

The same documents would show that the firm would have regularly offered the documents retroactively - so they charged around $ 9 - in order to help their clients to take advantages in their financial affairs.

"},{"_id":"GGBLDRRJ6VBHNOG5XDYU7WZXTE","type":"text","content":""His allegations that we provide the shareholders with supposedly designed structures to hide the identity of the true owners are totally unjustified and false," the firm replied before the consultation elevated by the ICIJ."},{"_id":"XR3QLEUYU5FUDFCTIOTPM7E2RE","type":"raw_html","content":"

Según Mossack Fonseca, cambiar las fechas de los documentos 'es una práctica bien establecida y aceptada', la cual es 'común en nuestra industria y su objetivo no es el de cubrir o esconder actos ilegales'.
"},{"_id":"P2LYNUFL5JAFLFSSXYF4CD6PDA","type":"text","content":"

The buffet added that changing the dates of the documents "is a well -established and accepted practice", which is "common in our industry and its objective is not to cover or hide illegal acts".

"},{"_id":"2XGFIAELA5HTJPJNQAC6I7ULBE","type":"text","content":"Mossack Fonseca claimed not being able to answer the questions related to specific customers due to his obligation to maintain customer confidentiality."},{"_id":"J74BHU7TWNEX7ISQDJGGVTYQHE","type":"text","content":"

Ramón Fonseca Mora, co -founder of the firm, said in a recent interview on Panamanian television that they have no responsibilities on what their clients do with the offshore companies they sell.Compared the firm with a “car factory”, whose responsibility ends once the car is produced.According to him, to blame Mossack Fonseca for what people with their companies do would be like blaming the car factory "when the car is used to steal".

"},{"_id":"TKC2MA4WTFBFXMMWQBG533ELFM","type":"text","content":"

Under scrutiny

"},{"_id":"Q6LHNASXLBCNJGRKRIQWMRELAM","type":"text","content":"

Mossack Fonseca's operations have almost always been anonymous for people outside the offshore world.However, in recent months they have been under increasing scrutiny, because some governments obtained partial leaks from the firm's archives, so authorities in Germany and Brazil, for example, have begun to investigate their practices.

"},{"_id":"ZM5ZF54GEZFQFD2VZTTVG7MTQI","type":"text","content":"

Precisely, in February 2015, the newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung reported that in Germany they had made raids that had as white one of the largest banks in the country, Commerzbank.The newspaper would also have reported the opening of a tax fraud investigation in which the Panamanian firm would be involved.

"},{"_id":"QBHWOA2ZNBH35K2VOETDGH5CFA","type":"text","content":"In Brazil, Mossack Fonseca has been several times mentioned in the investigation for alleged bribes and money laundering in the Lava Jato operation, in which criminal charges have been formulated to political leaders, including popular investigation to former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva."},{"_id":"R4QPNCPQQZGUDG5SJMSLTP6TX4","type":"text","content":"

Brazilian prosecutors came to qualify the Panamanian firm as "great money washing machines" and announced at that time that they would formulate criminal charges against five employees of the Brazilian representation of the firm.Mossack Fonseca, meanwhile, denies any irregularity in Brazil, as well as the formulation of charges to the employees of their franchise in Brazil.

"},{"_id":"UA5GVT6YVBAIJF2EDPRDLFDCFA","type":"text","content":"

‘The crime of the century’

"},{"_id":"E3HRDXOQING5RDTYFKNLLG7Y6E","type":"text","content":"

Before dawn on November 26, 1983, six thieves entered the Brink’s-Mat winery at the Heathrow airport in London.They tied the security guards, sprayed them with gasoline, lit a phosphorus and threatened to burn them, unless they opened the vault.Inside there were around 7 thousand gold, diamond and cash bars."Thank you very much for your help.Have a merry Christmas, ”said one of the thieves when he left.British media called this "the crime of the century".

"},{"_id":"QNQGJGSLBJB3LHUQ3G73GU2IXQ","type":"text","content":"

Most of the loot was never recovered, including what was generated by melting and selling gold.According to the documents that the German newspaper shared with the ICIJ, the other founding member of Mossack Fonseca, Jürgen Mossack, could have helped keep the money out of the reach of the authorities.

"},{"_id":"DRHG2Y37W5FUJIQMNGS4M37W2U","type":"text","content":"

The records show that 16 months after the robbery, the firm established in Panama a company called Feberion Inc., for one Gordon Parry, a bad-reputation merchant in England who allegedly washed money for Brink’s -mat criminals.

"},{"_id":"XG7E6RUZ3JBFBFIL3AJTZTQHRQ","type":"text","content":"

According to the documents, Mossack himself would have appeared in society as one of the nominative directors, a term used in the offshore world to refer to those who manage the company on paper, but who has no real authority over its activities.

"},{"_id":"BJ3QSMH5DRGD3PFDGFBHTNBPBE","type":"text","content":"ICIJ's information shows that in 1986 Mossack would have assured knowledge that the company was apparently involved in the management of money from the robbery of the Brink’s-Mat."The company itself has not been illegally used, but it could be that the company had invested money through bank accounts and illegally obtained properties," the lawyer would have warned, according to the documents delivered to the ICIJ."},{"_id":"Z3C67I3OAFBBXFDYV7QTDODA6E","type":"text","content":"The records show that, instead of helping the authorities to have access to the assets of Feberion, the firm took measures that would have hindered police investigation into the case.According to ICIJ files, the buffet would have issued 98 new actions after the authorities had obtained 2 original actions."},{"_id":"WZSGQR6WU5FCDBCWNBVPX5RKQI","type":"text","content":"In 1995, three years after Parry was sentenced to a decade in prison for his role in theft of gold, Mossack Fonseca would have ended his commercial relationship with Feberion."},{"_id":"SXWYK7ARJJHEXLFXYDQAFQTLNQ","type":"text","content":"A firm spokesman said that any accusation that the firm helped these criminals is "completely false".He added that Jürgen Mossack had no relationship with Parry and that the police have never contacted them on the issue."},{"_id":"SNK2BBDBTFF6BCVV3YKE3MIDDM","type":"text","content":"

Precisely, the offshore system depends on the expansion of the banker industry, lawyers, counters and other intermediaries, which must protect the identities of their customers.Many times that protection helps disguise dirty money through the creation of corporations, trusts and other entities.

"},{"_id":"PNTA6URR3NHVRFWEKIC45LAD2Y","type":"text","content":"

The measures taken by Mossack Fonseca in the Faberion case would have included use the services of the firm based in Panama, through the Sociedad Chartered Management Company, directed by Gilbert Straub, so that they would provide the new directors of the company after the resignation after the resignationof Mossack.

"},{"_id":"Y4KMMLGZ35C7XO3HYHXN7JAD7Y","type":"text","content":"

According to Robert Mazur, an former narcotics agent from the United States, Straub was captured in the United States much later, in a raid for the Drug Control Administration (DEA, for its acronym in English).That was when he confessed his guilt in money laundering.He also revealed how he channeled illegal funds for the re -election campaign of President Richard Nixon, in 1972.

"},{"_id":"HNDEUD4GH5E6LBC7Z3KOKOXHNQ","type":"text","content":"In his response to ICIJ, Mossack Fonseca said they continued “both the letter and the spirit of the law.For this reason, in almost 40 years of operation we have not been charged with criminal acts ”."},{"_id":"R673ALQCJJFXXEAWDDV4LPDLFE","type":"text","content":"The Mossack Fonseca firm -from its foundation by Jürgen Mossack, a lawyer of German ancestry, and Ramón Fonseca Mora, novelist and former presidential advisor in two governments and currentMany other territories."},{"_id":"LXDEHSIRUND3XPIQBW44ECECHE","type":"text","content":"According to the records that the ICIJ manages, the firm has worked with large banks and law firm in the Netherlands, Mexico, the United States and Switzerland, whose purpose would be to help its clients move money or reduce their fiscal invoices."},{"_id":"RHWXHCWZA5C65MMRAAOBEMTRX4","type":"text","content":"According to an analysis of the journalistic research consortium, more than 500 banks - and their subsidiaries - have worked with Mossack Fonseca in the creation and administration of offshore companies."},{"_id":"5AJWVDJC7RDIXNQGVDLTFYARBE","type":"text","content":"

Mossack Fonseca states that their intermediaries are its true clients and not the end customers, which are what these offshore entities really use.In addition, the firm has indicated that these intermediaries are additional surveillance layers for the review (Due Diligence) of new clients.As for their procedures, Mossack Fonseca has said that they often exceed “the existing norms and standards to which we and others are obliged” to comply.

"},{"_id":"NYHPOFEGSVBZXNDS7HFCD4KWMY","type":"text","content":"

Secrets and victims

"},{"_id":"G4MMLNVQ3RH6PFIMDNTPSWC7CI","type":"text","content":"

Nick Kgopa's father died when Nick was 14 years old.His father's companions at the Gold Mine.

"},{"_id":"JMGVEM2RXBC7JLP2OO66GCMTTM","type":"text","content":"Nick, his mother and younger brother, who is deaf, survived thanks to monthly checks from a widows and orphans fund of miners."},{"_id":"4DM2YR3JNBGQNOC2X2R5AGGXDM","type":"text","content":"But one day, the payments stopped arriving."},{"_id":"TDWWG2GIMNAZBF2GCUPRFYR324","type":"text","content":"

Nick's family was one of the many who lost their pension due to a fraud of investment funds, for $ 60 million, which would have perpetrated South African businessmen.According to the judicial investigations of that time, a company management company, Fidentia, was responsible for the looting of the millions of the investment fund, which included the death benefits of the miners and that protected more than 46 thousand widowsand orphans.

"},{"_id":"WBPDBU6W3RF25DFEOLII3Z6574","type":"text","content":"

The authorities managed to arrest Graham Maddock for their participation in fraud, through Fidentia society.According to the documents to which the ICIJ had access, Maddock would have paid Mossack Fonseca $ 59 thousand between 2005 and 2006 to establish offshore societies, including a call Fidentia North America.The Panamanian firm gave him a “VIP service”, according to the documents delivered to the ICIJ.

"},{"_id":"TBBSL6XJXZAK7NIM3NQNYEERWM","type":"text","content":"

The files obtained by the newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung would show that Mossack Fonseca would have created offshore structures for Steve Goodwin, indicated by the South African authorities as one of the main actors in the Fidentia case.Goodwin would even have met with lawyers from the Panamanian firm in a luxury hotel in New York.According to the files, both spoke "deeply" about the Fidentia scandal, and the firm's lawyer would have said that he "convinced" Goodwin to better protect their goods through offshore companies.

"},{"_id":"5AXUQG22TVAXNMGC6ZOVTXEFMQ","type":"text","content":"The lawyer warned that Goodwin was not involved in the scandal "in any way", and that he was just "a victim of circumstances".Goodwin still turns a 10 -year sentence in South Africa, after declaring fraud and money laundering, when it was arrested in 2008, in Los Angeles."},{"_id":"7Y4YJWHYKRAURLL2DULRGIIE4Q","type":"text","content":"

Goodwin's arrest would have generated reactions within the firm, according to the ICIJ.One of the lawyers would have proposed to have a “prepared” accountant to “prevent prosecutors from taking actions against societies behind Hamlyn Property LLP”, which belonged to Goodwin.

"},{"_id":"3Y72HVSVXBBSNBCEZZSVUM6T5Q","type":"text","content":"

This is one of the many scandals in which the firm has been involved, to which another one must add, in Indonesia, where small investors denounced that a company registered by Mossack Fonseca in British Virgin Islands was used to steal about $ 150 millionmore than 3 thousand people.

"},{"_id":"AF7WTSG37NAF3KAM7NJG7MYNHI","type":"text","content":"One of those investors, even, would have come to communicate with the firm in 2007."We really need our money to pay the tuition for the education of our children this April," he said.He knew about the existence of the firm after seeing his name in the brochure that announced him as a fund investor."},{"_id":"QNXTYWX6SVDQ7B5F3ALBNQWAPM","type":"text","content":"Mossack Fonseca did not answer the questions asked the ICIJ related to his link to Goodwin."},{"_id":"P7GWJ6SHBBFCTHSSUGDWI7K3ZA","type":"text","content":"

Politically exposed

"},{"_id":"X3Z5VDCPVNC2HGVLXSB6KQLSIE","type":"text","content":"

On February 10, 2011, a corporation in British Virgin Islands, called Continental LTD Sandalwood., he lent $ 200 million to a similar entity called Horwich Trading Ltd., domiciled in Cyprus.

"},{"_id":"NGEC434LQVGPTNLE3BSXB7W2FU","type":"text","content":"

The next day, Sandalwood assigned the rights to receive payments on the loan, including interests, A OVE Financial Corp., a British Virgin Society.According to the documents in the hand of the ICIJ, OVE would have paid $ 1 for those rights.

"},{"_id":"PDQDTABTBZHDLMELGSZKIGGNHM","type":"text","content":"

The same day, OVE reassigned their rights to collect the loan to a Panamanian company called International Media Overseas.This also paid $ 1 for those rights.In 24 hours, the loan would have been transferred to three countries, two banks and four companies, a process that usually makes it difficult to track goods.

"},{"_id":"ARTZ56GPUNC4LI3M747GPLHCHQ","type":"text","content":"The loan footprint revolved around people linked to the president of Russia, Vladimir Putin."},{"_id":"XERKVVUQNVEXVAFCHR5HX3X5NU","type":"text","content":"

The Rossiya Bank, based in St. Petersburg, an institution whose majority of owners and presidents have been called the Putin's "ATMs", was the one that Sandalwood continental created.

"},{"_id":"TBSSBSMU5VF35O44SXFIZHHL3U","type":"text","content":"

International Media Overseas, in which the interest payments of the $ 200 million would have allegedly finished, would be controlled by Sergey Roldugin, a classic violinist and godfather of Putin's eldest daughter.

"},{"_id":"F47FJMIAOJCEHCMSIMVLJWQAVI","type":"text","content":"

The loan for $ 200 million was one of the dozen transactions linked to funds that totaled at least $ 2 billion, whose trace would rest in the files that Süddeutsche Zeitung obtained on the firm Mossack Fonseca, and that would involve people and companies linked toPutin.

"},{"_id":"RSVGNV5WCVB3PEBTNWGDKVIC34","type":"text","content":"Through them, Bank Rossiya would have obtained most of the actions of the largest truck manufacturer in Russia and would also have ventured into the media business."},{"_id":"A66V2TPEDFCJNKXTANQMERKG24","type":"text","content":"

Payments made by people close to Putin could even be considered as part of payments in exchange for contracts with the Russian State.The documents suggest that the majority of the loan money for $ 4,200 million came from a bank in Cyprus, whose main shareholder at that time was Banco VTB, controlled by the state of Russia.

"},{"_id":"7U2IOCZMJFAHJD372KSBF26R7Y","type":"text","content":"

At a press conference last week, Putin spokesman Dimitry Peskov said that the government would not answer the ICIJ questions because they were questions that had been asked "hundreds of times and answered hundreds of times".Peskov added that Russia is "provided with the legal arsenal necessary nationally and internationally to protect the honor and dignity of our president".

"},{"_id":"MQBEB5J52NC47CRR4WM4VQYM3E","type":"text","content":"

In theory, national laws and international agreements should regulate that firms such as Mossack Fonseca are pending that their clients may be involved in money laundering, tax evasion or any other illicit act.These regulations require special attention to politically exposed people (PEP), which includes officials and their families.When someone turns out to be a PEP, it is expected that the intermediary who creates their companies carefully review their activities to ensure that they are not involved in corruption acts.

"},{"_id":"FINGFLYJJFDA7G7QPHCKGPSUKA","type":"text","content":"Mossack Fonseca told the ICIJ that they have the "policies and procedures duly established to identify and manage those cases in which individuals turn out to be qualified as PEP or are related to these"."},{"_id":"ZJR5CXGJ5RH5HCGAALRTROMLQQ","type":"text","content":"However, the information handled by the ICIJ shows that the Panamanian firm may not be so rigorous in this subject.An internal audit carried out in 2015 would have determined that Mossack Fonseca had knowledge about the identities of the true owners of only 204 of the 14,86 companies that had incorporated in Seychelles, island located in the Indian Ocean."},{"_id":"FYWX3PVDLJB7JP6TV53E6Q7E7E","type":"raw_html","content":"

An analysis of the ICIJ about the documentation that it has about the firm concludes that it has 58 relatives and associates of prime ministers and kings within its client portfolio.
"},{"_id":"BRXMRF3BORAY7LYMUCQEHFBTGY","type":"text","content":"In the British Virgin Islands, Mossack Fonseca would also have had difficulties.The authorities of the Caribbean island would have fallen to the firm with $ 37,500 for allegedly violating the anti -salavado money standards, since they would have incorporated a company for the son of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, after both were accused of corruption in their country."Our formula for risk assessment is seriously defective," the internal review would have concluded."},{"_id":"232IG4J5KVBTFBOIZ2RUFAQ3SU","type":"text","content":"An analysis of the ICIJ about the documentation that it has about the firm concludes that it has 58 relatives and associates of prime ministers and kings within its client portfolio."},{"_id":"NHZ5UGIZN5DAPGT7FPKJDFG2QQ","type":"text","content":"

The records show, for example, that relatives of the president of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev, would have used foundations and companies in Panama to maintain secret investments in gold and real estate mines in London in London.

"},{"_id":"VIWF6R7MUVDDNFUNAJKNAPRHPE","type":"text","content":"

The children of the Pakistani Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif, would also be real estate owners in London, through entities created by Mossack Fonseca.

"},{"_id":"W3PEEP2NOFDCZOM73OBJCTOD5E","type":"text","content":"

Family members of at least eight current or previous members of the Politburo Standing Committee of China, the main normative authority of the country, would have offshore companies created by Mossack Fonseca.Within this list is the brother -in -law of President XI, who would have established two companies in the British Virgin Islands in 2009.

"},{"_id":"VI5PCTUPEBEFBEVXIOZJR6ZOLU","type":"text","content":"The representatives of the Azeri, Pakistani and Chinese did not answer the questions sent by the ICIJ."},{"_id":"GFQD45FO6JBIZPAMUMV7564JTU","type":"text","content":"

The current president of Argentina, Mauricio Macri, is also included in the list of world leaders who would have used Mossack Fonseca to establish offshore entities.Macri, according to the ICIJ documents, would have been the director and vice president of a company in Bahamas, managed by Mossack Fonseca during his time as mayor of the Argentine capital.An president's spokesman said that the ruler was never personally owner of shares in this company, which was part of his family's companies.

"},{"_id":"DIXUAQVFKVGBHK27B3QRKL4ACM","type":"text","content":"In 2014, in full Russian invasion of the Ukrainian region of Dombás, the president of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, managed to gather the necessary documents to create a company in the British Virgin Islands, according to the information handled by the ICIJ."},{"_id":"PQPKVVG4TZE5ZPBNK23PYJF5VU","type":"text","content":"Poroshenko spokesman said that the creation of the company had nothing to do with "no political or military event in Ukraine".Poroshenko's financial counselors, on the other hand, said that the president had not included BVI's signature in his 2014 financial declaration because none of these companies or the two he owns in Cyprus and the Netherlands had any good good.They added that the companies were part of the corporate restructuring to help sell the confectionery company owned by Poroshenko."},{"_id":"LOPGS2ONLZBTDIAGGUNJAMHJWY","type":"text","content":"

The current Prime Minister of Iceland, Sigmundur David Gunlaugsson, also appears in the ICIJ data.Upon entering the Parliament of his country, in 2009, he and his wife would have shared the property of an offshore company in British Virgin Islands.Months later, he would have sold his shares to his wife for $ 1.

"},{"_id":"CXIGB7MKIBE2RKCSMHEHGNPLGM","type":"text","content":"The company had under its power a series of bonds that originally worth millions of dollars in three huge beach banks that broke during the 2008 world financial crisis, so the Icelandic politician was the creditor of their bankruptcies.During the last year of his government, Gunnlaugsson announced an agreement with the creditors.He did not announce, however, his family's financial participation in the treatment."},{"_id":"3XC7F4HGEBDCBPQLY6FTK453HE","type":"text","content":"

In recent days, Gunnlaugsson has denied that his family's financial interests would have influenced his position.Nor has it made clear if their political positions benefited or harmed the values of the bonds through the offshore company.

"},{"_id":"PUC7IDQVVVG6HEBMWNJNDIPEHM","type":"text","content":"

During an interview with Reykjavic Media, a partner of ICIJ, Gunnlaugsson denied hiding goods.When he was confronted by the offshore company linked to him -wintris inc.-, the prime minister said: "I am starting to feel a bit strange with these questions, since it seems as if you were accusing me of something".

"},{"_id":"OE36KL3KPFDN7GLKFSMF46URVA","type":"text","content":"Shortly after, the president ended the interview."},{"_id":"2AZOAXHJOZG5BAGBRLFPGBF23U","type":"text","content":"

On the days, his wife touched the matter in public in a note on Facebook, in which she assured that the company was her and not her husband, and that she had paid all the corresponding taxes.

"},{"_id":"CLLLINICJNE6TGLQE3OAW7KACA","type":"text","content":"Since then, members of the Islandia Parliament have questioned Gunnlaugsson about why he never revealed the existence of society.They have even asked to give up their position."},{"_id":"VTSHJXCIBNGDZFP55AYVMDJWF4","type":"text","content":"The prime minister has tried to defend himself with an eight -page statement, in which he affirms that he did not have the obligation to make his link to Wintris, since his wife was the one who really possessed society and that he had no commercial activity ”."},{"_id":"VZLF3EEERJE5ZI54ZBR3YZE5OI","type":"text","content":"

‘Offshore’ cover -ups

"},{"_id":"OOMHCFXMEVH7NF2OMO44FRIWU4","type":"text","content":"

In 2005, a tourism ship called Ethan Allen sank into Lake George, in New York.20 older tourists were drowning.After the survivors and relatives of the dead filed a law.

"},{"_id":"PEJGZQ53EJCOHKN3CGG7ARPLPM","type":"text","content":"

Malchus Irvin Boncamper, an accountant on San Cristóbal and Nieve.

"},{"_id":"2OF3C2CRT5HA7KSGVP5Q626QGU","type":"text","content":"According to ICIJ's information, Boncamper was known by Mossack Fonseca, as he would have served him as a testaferro - or nominative director - in some 30 companies created by the firm."},{"_id":"6NIC63MRPBBCRBMJ4VGRBCWHOA","type":"text","content":"Upon knowing Boncamper's conviction, the firm would have ordered to remove it as director of the societies in which it appeared and change the dates of its removal in order to seem that it had been made a decade before."},{"_id":"EVYJH2JMRJBZ7OR7T35CRPEAD4","type":"raw_html","content":"

Los fiscales de la Operación Lava Jato en Brasil alegaron que empleados de Mossack Fonseca destruyeron y ocultaron documentos para tapar su participación en un caso investigado años atrás.
"},{"_id":"RTTEOV2F5BEQZJPPEZFJM4Q5H4","type":"text","content":"It would not be the first time that Mossack Fonseca is related to this type of practices.In the case of the Lava Jato operation, in Brazil, the prosecutors alleged that employees of the firm destroyed and hid documents in an earlier case to cover their participation in a case investigated years ago.A document obtained by the Police indicated that in that case an employee of the firm of the Brazil Office sent an email instructions to his work subordinates."Leave nothing.I will keep them in my car or in my house, ”he said."},{"_id":"25IGSCLRZBERDHLIHMTIC3FTR4","type":"text","content":"ICIJ data, meanwhile, show that something very similar would have happened in Nevada, in 2014.According to these data, employees of Mossack Fonseca would have hidden the link between the signature of the firm in Las Vegas and its main offices in Panama to anticipate the order of a US Court requesting the delivery of information on 123 companies incorporated by Mossack Fonseca in that jurisdiction."},{"_id":"TCSYD22XDVDKHB6N7FUQUFQRKA","type":"text","content":"

The companies in question would have been linked by Argentina's prosecutors to the corruption scandal on a person close to former presidents Nestor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.

"},{"_id":"D77MPT36KJDUHJPVIC3BMEG3VM","type":"text","content":"In an effort to disconnect from the American jurisdiction Mossack Fonseca said that his headquarters in Las Vegas was not a branch of his office, but an independent office to which the franchise had been rented."},{"_id":"WTF4QR7BD5E3BKQM5NLE2YP5OQ","type":"text","content":"ICIJ documents, however, would show the opposite.These would indicate that they would have controlled the bank account of their headquarters in Las Vegas and that the firm's partners would be the owners of 100% of this office.The firm would then have managed several measures to eliminate documents from the branch and any trace that could link them.They would have stated that the branch manager could be very "nervous", and that for that reason the researchers could discover that "we are hiding something"."},{"_id":"Z36DYTM5S5BZBMV3LEJ2CCPIFY","type":"text","content":"Mossack Fonseca declined to answer the questions related to the affairs of Nevada and Brazil, but in general they denied obstructing the investigations or covering improper activities."},{"_id":"BSHLBWKJU5AWNKEKMZ2L7XTYVE","type":"text","content":""It is not our policy to hide or destroy documents that could be used in some pending investigation or process," they said."},{"_id":"THWZJTCSJ5FYRMFXP2XLPIFMLA","type":"text","content":"

Reform of the Secret World

"},{"_id":"RFE7UW7SPJGOVLD27DPYSSBY6E","type":"text","content":"

In 2013, the British Prime Minister, David Cameron, urged the territories of his country abroad - including British virgin islands - join efforts and thus "put the house in order", and join the fight against tax evasion andThe offshore secret.

"},{"_id":"STEM6BZX3JDHTJBWCIGWE6EFNY","type":"text","content":"ICIJ documents show that politician's own family could have taken advantage of this system."},{"_id":"AVDLUO43CFDRTEAWDZZR4KVQBQ","type":"text","content":"

Ian Cameron, a multimillionaire stockbroker runner and the late father of the Prime Minister, was a customer of Mossack Fonseca, and would have used the firm to hide his investment fund, Blairmore Holdings Inc., and evade payment taxes in your country.

"},{"_id":"F2QPAZMQYJHTHA6JR3DO5T3EDE","type":"text","content":"

The name of the fund entity of the Blairmore house, where it lived and grew part of the Cameron family.Mossack Fonseca would have registered the entity in Panama, although most of its key investors were British.Ian Cameron would have controlled funds since the creation of society, in 1982, until he died.

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The Panamanian firm would have used non -traceable property certificates, known as carrier shares, and employee nominatives domiciled in Bahamas to meet the objectives for which the entity was created.

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The history of the background of Ian Cameron is one of the examples that illustrates how the secret offshore deeply penetrates the lives of politicians and financial elites around the world, which makes fiscal reforms difficult in these jurisdictions in these jurisdictions.

"},{"_id":"4U4BBP44L5ANZCJERMII4Y4UFU","type":"text","content":"In the United States, for example, states such as Delaware and Nevada, who have allowed companies to be anonymous, continue to fight efforts to require greater corporate transparency."},{"_id":"UZ7E44UVWRCXDFBBTCV3YIY2D4","type":"text","content":"

In April 2013, after the ICIJ released the offshore Leaks information, based on confidential documents of British Virgins and Singapore, some customers from Mossack Fonseca would have communicated with the firm so that they were guaranteed that their assets were safeof public scrutiny.

"},{"_id":"NMQODNNISFAL7NVEZSC4XZ5TLY","type":"text","content":"Mossack Fonseca would have then told their clients that they shouldn't worry.They would have assured that their commitment to the privacy of their clients “has always been of the utmost importance, and that in this regard, confidential information is stored in an advanced data center, and that any information within our global network is handled throughof encrypted algorithms that meet the highest world standards ”."},{"_id":"LB3XTHAEYBDCLD6TT2FJHRFJRQ","type":"text","content":"Details of the stories published by the media group that participated in the investigation can be found in the Süddeutsche Zeitung, BBC, El Confidencial, The Guardian, the Nation of Argentina, Aristegui, IdL Reporters, Univisión, Le Monde, Process,Reform, among others."},{"_id":"3JK4MSB2VVC6FB3Y3LQTZL6XUM","type":"text","content":"

This note was reported and written by Bastian Obermayer, Gerard Ryle, Marina Walker Guevara, Michael Hudson, Jake Bernstein, Will Fitzgibbon, Mar Cabra, Martha M m.Hamilton, Frederik Obermaier, Ryan Chittum, Emilia Díaz-Struck, Rigoberto Carvajal, Cécile Schilis-Gallego, Matthew Caruana-Galizia, Miguel Fiandor and Mago Torres.

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